Good, D. (2010). East Tennessee State University
King, W. (2011). Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in Nineteenth Century America
Knipple, P. & Knipple, A. (2012). The World in a Skillet: A Food Lover's Tour of the New American South
Lambert, L. C., Jr. & Lambert, M. (2011). Up from These Hills: Memories
McLeod. S. A. (Ed.). (2011). Dining with the Washingtons: Historic Recipes, Entertainment and Hospitality from Mount Vernon
Marion, L. P (2011). Bound: Poems
Niemiller, M. L. & Reynolds, R. G. (Eds.). The Amphibians of Tennessee
Olson, T. & Cavender, A. P. (Eds.). (2009). A Tennessee Folklore Sampler: Selections from the Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 1935-2009
Russell, C. (2011). Groundwaters: A Century of Art by Self-Taught and Outsider Artists
Valentine J. & Bolgiano, C. (2011). Southern Appalachian Celebration: In Praise of Ancient Mountains, Old-Growth Forests and Wilderness
Good, D. (2010). East Tennessee State University. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. 128 pages. ISBN: 9780738585888
Don Good’s East Tennessee State University is one of the latest offerings from Arcadia Publishing’s Campus History Series. Arcadia has distinguished itself through both the Campus History and Images of America series, which provide concise pictorial histories of individual towns and universities. Good, a professor at East Tennessee State, has produced a comprehensive survey of the university’s history, from its origins as East Tennessee State Normal School, to the founding of the Quillen College of Medicine in 1974, to recent developments such as the discovery of the Grey Fossil Site in 2000, and the establishment of ETSU’s College of Pharmacy in 2007.
Good draws on a broad array of photographs from ETSU’s archives to create his portrait of the university, which was founded in 1911 as a teachers’ school. The photographs, along with Good’s contextualizing descriptions, chart a century of tremendous growth. Good emphasizes the important role that the university’s presidents have played in the process, and indeed their contributions have been considerable. Charles C. Sherrod, president from 1925-1949, saw the school award its first four-year degrees and fought successfully against the state government to prevent the school’s closure. During his presidency, from 1949-1968, Burgin Dossett worked to transform East Tennessee State College into East Tennessee State University, formalized in the school’s 1963 name change. Dossett also founded ETSU’s graduate school, which now offers numerous degrees in multiple fields of study. President Paul Stanton, who served from 1997-2011, helped to establish the university’s College of Pharmacy, one of only two programs in Tennessee while enrollment reached record numbers of over 15,000 students per semester. In addition to charting the university’s century of academic growth, Good devotes significant space to the school’s various athletic programs (the Buccaneers) and unique courses of study such as the bluegrass music minor and master’s degree in storytelling.
Readers of Tennessee Libraries, which is based at ETSU, may already be familiar with many aspects of the university’s history, but even longtime ETSU students, alumni, staff, and faculty will likely discover many new facts about the institution in this volume. East Tennessee State University most definitely has a place in ETSU’s Sherrod Library, and would be a fine addition both to public and academic libraries, especially in the Appalachian region. Good presents the material in a highly-accessible manner while providing a tremendous amount of description, given the constraints of this largely-pictorial work. Thus both general and specialized readers will find material of interest here. ETSU has grown from a small teachers’ school into the fourth-largest university in Tennessee as well as an institution that attracts students from around the world. Good’s work is a concise, yet thorough, record of the university’s first century that is a testament to the accomplishments of East Tennessee State University’s students, staff, faculty, and presidents.
Aaron D. Horton, Assistant Professor of History
Alabama State University
King, W. (2011). Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in Nineteenth Century America (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. 512 pages. ISBN 9780253222640
Wilma King, Professor of African-American History and Culture at the University of Missouri-Columbia, has updated and revised her 1995 book, Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in Nineteenth-Century America. This impressive volume reflects updated scholarship about slave youth and the transatlantic slave trade, and provides insight into the lives of the not insignificant number of slaves owned by African-Americans, Native Americans, or white northerners. Traditionally, according to King, the subject of slaves as children and the family unit in general has been of peripheral interest to authors of both popular and academic works on slavery. King's central thesis is that the discussion of a slave's childhood is in itself contradictory because slaves were unable to experience a true childhood.
In eight evenly divided chapters, King explores various aspects of the lives of bonded children including their exposure to religion and education, what they did with their “leisure” time, the work that children of various ages were expected to perform, and lastly, the harsh transition from slave to freedman. To illustrate these aspects of slavery, King uses both popular slave narratives as well as interviews with ex-slaves that were conducted by the Works Progress Administration. Additionally, King incorporates the diaries and records of plantation owners and census records in a more limited capacity.
In addition to exploring slavery from the traditional perspective, King also looks at how the life of slaves owned by white owners in the South contrasted with the lives of slaves in the Northern U.S., as well as the slaves held by fellow African-Americans and Native Americans. With regard to the family unit's challenges in staying together, King writes at length about the tragic consequences of gradual abolition laws in northern states that made a child born one day a slave and one born the next a free man.
King's liberal use of WPA interviews to make her points is a mild cause for concern. By the time of the New Deal, as the author points out, only slaves who were alive during the twilight years of slavery were still alive to be interviewed. As a result, there is potential to get only a partial picture of what slavery was like for children by using these interviews. This is more likely an issue of lack of documentation among earlier slave population than the shortcomings of the author, however, and King's work still represents a unique, insightful, and affecting contribution to the history of slavery in the United States.
King's work is fresh and accessible. It fills key gaps in scholarship on slavery and would make for a worthwhile read for anyone from the casual reader of history to the scholar. As a result, Stolen Childhood is recommended for purchase by academic libraries and public libraries that have strong nonfiction collections.
Ben Neal, Assistant Branch Manager
Thomas Memorial Library, Sullivan County Public Library System
Knipple, P. & Knipple, A. (2012). The World in a Skillet: A Food Lover’s Tour of the New American South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 269 pages. ISBN: 9780807835173.
Paul and Angela Knipple have produced a wonderful book that includes fifty recipes and is, as its subtitle states, a culinary tour around the new South. Along the way we meet the new locals. Some of the people interviewed came to the United States to escape war or economic depression, and some came to stay with family or simply because they liked it. Some started in the North and moved to the South. Some are first generation and some are second generation immigrants. In all cases, they bring their foods and passions for food to the table.
The book is arranged in three sections – Seeking the American Dream, Living the American Dream, and Bringing Tradition to the Table. Each section has interviews with people from various countries and backgrounds. They range from Mexico to Kurdistan, Central America to South Korea, and China to Africa. The people interviewed tell their stories of how they came to the U.S. and how they got involved in food. They explain their recipe – where it comes from, what it means to them. Some recipes are standard dishes in the old country; some are variations on old recipes for the new country.
Each person’s interview ends with their recipe(s). Each recipe gives the active cooking time, total cooking time and number of servings. The original name of each dish is given, and the English translation. Arranged in columns, with the ingredients on one side and instructions on the other, this seems a more natural layout than ingredients first, then instructions. This way the cook can scan back and forth quickly to see where they are and what comes next. The authors have included many small highlighted sections with more information about the food. “Kitchen Passports” offer variations on some recipes, and “Culinary Tours” highlight an important ingredient or food item. The book includes a suggested reading list, a recipe index, and a general index. The Knipples interviewed 56 people for this book. A black and white photograph of each person interviewed (with the exception of two) is included. However, there are no pictures of the foods.
Many of the recipes are easy to make and don’t require any special or hard to find ingredients. Access to an ethnic grocery would be necessary for a few. The recipes range from simple and easy to long and involved, but worth it. Tarhana Corbasi (Turkish Style Yogurt Soup) is only one fourth of a page long, while the Feijoada (Brazilian Style Black Bean Stew) has a whole column of ingredients. The authors include recipes for dishes to accompany the main recipe, such as the Kajmak (Bosnian-Style Cheese Spread), a tangy white spread served with the Cevapcci (Hand Rolled Bosnian Sausages). The recipe instructions are clearly written and easy to follow. Several recipes were sampled, and they all came out well. While some required special ingredients, which were easy to find in a medium sized town, no special equipment was needed to make the recipes. The previously mentioned Cevapicci were quite tasty (hint: keep your hands wet while rolling the sausages, the meat won’t stick as much). The Salvadoran enchiladas were easy to make. The garnishes of boiled egg and pecorino cheese were surprising, but very good.
Paul and Angela Knipple are well known in the world of Southern food. Based in Memphis, they share a passion for travel, food and culture. They author a food blog, From the Southern Table (http://www.paulandangela.net/), wrote a chapter on barbeque and the Slow Food Movement for The Slow and the Slow Cooked: Culture and Barbeque in the Mid-South, and contribute articles to Taste of the South and the Memphis Flyer. They are members of the Southern Foodways Alliance and Slow Food International.
While this book does include many recipes, it is really about the people and how they use food to remember their homes, to bring people together and contribute to their new communities. It would be a good addition to larger public libraries or academic libraries.
Zinia Randles, Senior Library Assistant
James E. Walker Library, Middle Tennessee State University
Lambert, L. C., Jr. & Lambert, M. (2011). Up from These Hills: Memories of a Cherokee Boyhood. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 197 pages. ISBN 978-0-8032-3536-6.
Every primary school child learns about Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy and the forced removal of the Cherokee Nation to Oklahoma known as The Trail of Tears. Yet we typically do not learn of the few Cherokees who remained behind. Up from These Hills: Memories of a Cherokee Boyhood paints a lively picture of what happened to those who stayed behind and settled on the Eastern Band reservation in Western North Carolina. This book is a collection of stories as told by the editor’s father, Leonard Carson Lambert Jr., who lived most his childhood in or around the reservation during the 1930’s and 40’s.
The book opens with a “Forethought” written by Michael Lambert explaining why he published his father’s memoirs and addressing the history and background of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians today (I use the term Indian instead of Native America or American Indian because it is the term used by the author). Originally written for his family, Michael felt the stories would be attractive to a larger audience. Up from These Hills is a very candid representation of Leonard Lambert’s life and the lives of those around him. Michael explains that his father “has no interest in preserving anyone’s reputation – neither his own nor anyone else’s.” Consequently, Leonard describes exactly what his experience was growing up extremely poor and speaks candidly about members of his family and others from his early years. Although some of Leonard’s descriptions seem a bit harsh, they are entertaining. Readers will learn fascinating details about what it is like to be an Eastern Indian today. For example, the authors describes how, in order to make money, the “chief” of the reservation started to wear the dress of the Western Sioux Indians, which included large headdresses, since white tourists were more interested in seeing Hollywood movie Indians rather than Eastern Indians in their traditional dress.
The remainder of the book consists of six chapters representing different junctures in Leonard’s life. The stories begin before his birth and continue until after his graduation from North Carolina State University with a degree in Engineering. Leonard describes surviving the Great Depression; working with his family as sharecroppers in Tennessee and for his father’s trinket shop on the reservation; and describes how he was able to get a college degree despite growing up poor, starting school late, surviving the less equipped reservation schools, and catching up when attending white schools. As a conclusion to his memoirs, Leonard brings the reader up-to-date on a few of the characters from his childhood. His memories are enjoyable to read, but readers might have some trouble remembering how everyone is linked.
Leonard Lambert worked throughout the world as an engineer for Alcoa. His son, Michael Lambert, is currently an associate professor of anthropology and African studies at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. Anyone interested in general American Indian, Cherokee, and southern culture and history should be encouraged to read Up from These Hills, which would be a good addition to any public or academic library east of the Mississippi River.
Joanna Anderson, Distance Education Librarian
East Tennessee State University
McLeod, S. A. (Ed.). (2011). Dining with the Washingtons: Historic Recipes, Entertainment and Hospitality from Mount Vernon. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 236 pages. ISBN: 9780807835269.
Generations of Americans have learned about the life and legends of the nation’s first president, George Washington. While many topics related to Washington have been explored in great detail, countless others are worthy of further study and investigation. In this work, a group of noted scholars examine Washington and life at Mount Vernon through a culinary perspective - an approach that provides readers with a unique and vivid window into the past, and even further evidence of Washington’s impressive influence.
Both a cookbook and historical study, Dining with the Washingtons combines recipes, historical essays, and dozens of vivid color photographs and illustrations that bring the past to life. In this coffee table style publication, essays explore the culinary history of the eighteenth century, with a focus on Mount Vernon and the Washington family. In this instance, a unique wealth of available information allows historians to develop an extensive, comprehensive picture of daily life during the era of Washington. Historical documents, books, and objects are all utilized to in order to ascertain details about topics including dining and entertainment, the growth of crops and the production of food and drink. Essays discuss diet, menus, the rooms in which food was prepared and consumed, the preparers of the meals, and even the various tools used to cook and eat.
The core of the text includes nearly one hundred historic recipes for soups, vegetables, meats, sauces, desserts, breads and beverages - each of which has been adapted for use by present day chefs.
Edited by Stephen A. McLeod, assistant to the president and CEO of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Estate and Gardens, Dining with the Washingtons is the combined product of numerous hands. In addition to this work, McLeod has edited another recent study about George Washington and Mount Vernon, The Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association: 150 Years of Restoring George Washington’s Home. Walter Scheib, former White House chef, provides a thoughtful forward, while noted culinary historian Nancy Carter Crump authored the extensive recipe section of the book. Several Mount Vernon curators and historians with extensive backgrounds in the field penned the various essays within the work. Endnotes and an index will prove helpful to those readers seeking to locate more information on topics of interest.
Dining with the Washingtons is a well researched work that should be of interest to a wide audience. While the study centers on life at Mount Vernon and the Washingtons, the book provides extensive information about diverse group of topics that speak to life in general during the period. This work is highly recommended for academic and public libraries throughout the country, but particularly those with collections in American and social history, culinary history and the decorative arts. Also, the text would also be most worthy of inclusion in any library with a comprehensive cookbook collection.
Gregory H. Stoner, Librarian
Williams Mullen, Richmond, VA
Marion, L.P. (2011). Bound: Poems. KY: Wind Publications. 73 pages. ISBN 978-1936138319.
Bound, by Linda Parsons Marion, is a unique collection of poems that paints a vivid picture. Marion, a well-known poet in the region, has been the recipient of many prestigious poetry awards and her works have been published extensively. Marion also served as poetry editor for Now and Then magazine. After reading Bound, I was not surprised to learn that she has recently been inducted into the East Tennessee Writers Hall of Fame.
Bound tells a story describing how past, present and future generations are inextricably bound together. Set mostly in Tennessee, Marion paints the physical setting with references to familiar places like Printer’s Alley, Broadway, the Goo Goo plant and Shelby Park. Themes of church, family and community express the Southern mindset that permeates each poem. The three sections of the book move through the poet’s life from childhood to adulthood, from Middle Tennessee to various other locations and experiences. “The Road to Happiness” and “Wanderlust” describe the adventures of leaving home and the bittersweet return to Tennessee. At the end of the work the reader is left with warm feelings for the past generations and a sense of hope for the future generations of this family. The familiar battle between connection and independence that is chronicled in Bound will resonate with most everyone.
Marion has a subtle way of taking worldly things and giving them a higher meaning. Bound would be a wonderful addition to any poetry collection, and essential to all libraries in Tennessee.
Claire Walker, Reference and Instruction Librarian
Niemiller, M. L., & Reynolds, R. G. (Eds.). (2011). The Amphibians of Tennessee. University of Tennessee. 369 pages. ISBN: 9781572337626
With the threat to amphibian life worldwide becoming more and more obvious and so many people focusing their conservation efforts outside their own communities, there couldn’t be a better time to publish a guide to the incredible diversity of amphibian life that exists in Tennessee. The Amphibians of Tennessee, though, is much more than a mere identification guide.
There is an introductory section which includes a brief explanation of salamander and frog physiology and biology. To give readers a better understanding of the range of habitats in Tennessee, the authors divide the state into eight main ecoregions and several smaller subdivisions. The topography, climate, geology, flora, fauna, and human influence on the environment are described for each division. A number of maps are included to help clarify and provide visual information as well as a table listing the number of amphibian species living in each region. There are two final sections of introductory material for the reader. One is a chapter on the conservation status of amphibians. Threats range from global warming and pollution to habitat loss; xenobiotics; foreign species knowingly or unknowing introduced to the area; collectors hunting species for the pet trade; and even cars crushing them on busy roads. After mentioning the ethics and prohibitions concerning the capture of amphibians in Tennessee and providing a table listing those species of special concern, the authors describe the various methods used to observe and capture amphibians.
The second section of The Amphibians of Tennessee is a detailed identification guide for salamanders. The third section is devoted to frogs (and the two species of toad) native to Tennessee. Each entry includes a map of the state with the species’ range highlighted, a detailed description of males, females, young, and similar species that could lead to misidentification. The animals’ habits, range, habitats, vocalizations, and conservation status are also explained in detail. The authors even offer the etymology of each species’ name. The reader is not, however, limited to the printed descriptions. Nearly every page includes at least one beautiful, color photo.
The book ends with a checklist of the amphibians of Tennessee; a glossary; an extensive list of recommended books, videos, and websites; a 10 ½ page list of reference materials; and finally, a thorough index.
Matthew L. Niemiller and R. Graham Reynolds are both post doctorate Fellows who have done extensive research on amphibian life. Niemiller has focused his studies on ecology, evolution, and conservation. Reynolds has concentrated on genetics, ecology, and conservation. A great many of the photos in the book were taken by Niemiller himself, and Reynolds provides windows into their research experiences with interesting and entertaining “Field Notes.” Scattered throughout the book, these notes document some of their adventures in the creation of this beautiful and informative book.
This guide would be an excellent addition to any public library and a wonderful resource for naturalists and nature lovers alike.
Memphis Public Library
Olson, T., & Cavender, A. P. (Eds.). (2009). A Tennessee Folklore Sampler: Selections from the Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 1935 – 2009. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. 429 pages.
This collection of essays gives an overview of the work of the Tennessee Folklore Society as collected in its quarterly publication over the last century. The work is divided into ten categories: material folk culture, folk medicine, folk beliefs and practices, customs, play and recreational lore, folk speech, legends, folk ballad and song, instrumental traditions and folk music collecting, and folk communities. The contents cover topics as diverse as boats on Reelfoot Lake and ghosts in Cades Cove. Due to the diversity of topics, a variety of readers will find at least some portion of the book interesting. This compilation will also serve as a good introduction to those just beginning to explore folklore or local history while providing those already familiar with the quarterly a look at past work they may not have seen.
The pieces necessarily vary in tone due to the wide variety of authors and periods in which they were written; however, all works in the collection are written in a relaxed and sometimes conversational tone, making the book as a whole accessible to the casual reader. Many articles are also scholarly in nature, carefully documenting location, persons consulted, and including a list of references when called for. The majority of pieces are based on interviews with locals who have some experience or direct knowledge of the subject at hand, such as doctors and veterinarians who practiced folk medicine. Some are based on or supplemented by the authors' personal experience with the topic.
Each of the ten sections begins with a brief introduction to the topic as a whole and to the individual essays, and ends with a list of further reading on the topic, including books related to the subject and other articles from the Bulletin. Pieces appear chronologically by publication date within each section. Photographs and illustrations appear where appropriate, though some mentioned in older articles are absent while others included with the text are more recent than the articles in which they appear.
Appendices include a brief history of the Tennessee Folklore Society and a list of past presidents of the society. Indexed. Recommended to academic and public libraries with strong interest and collections in folklore or local and Southern history.
Sarah Roy, MLIS
Public Services Librarian
Tennessee Wesleyan College
Russell, C. (2011). Groundwaters: a century of art by self-taught and outsider artists. Munich: Prestel Verlag. 256 pages. ISBN: 9783791344904
Russell, professor emeritus of English and American Studies at Rutgers, examines the work and lives of 12 self-taught and outsider artists of the 20th century while relating how they began their work and gained recognition in the mainstream art world and by the public.
The book’s introduction provides a thorough overview and various definitions of outsider art around the world. Russell makes a point of detailing the influence of specific medical professionals and museum directors, most notably Alfred J Barr, the first director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, in getting these artists’ works recognized. Russell also provides additional information and background of the psychiatrists’ involvement in “discovering” these talented individuals at various mental institutions in Europe and the United States through “art therapy,” a tool used to help patients express themselves (art therapy also was a means through which the doctors could determine the best course of treatment and rehabilitation for their patients).
Highlighted in the chapter on Aloise Corbaz is the influence of Jean Dubuffet, who coined the term “art brut” to describe artistic work by individuals with no formal artistic training or what could be described as from the “common man.” (p. 96) He is attributed with “discovering” and naming many of these outsider artists, especially those who had been diagnosed as mentally ill and were institutionalized, and championing the raw beauty of their works. Several of these artists were discovered and promoted during their lifetimes, only to be forgotten and rediscovered in the mid 20th century as the folk art movement became popular.
Dedicating one chapter to each of the 12 artists, some of them extraordinarily prolific (Wölfli produced 25,000 pages), Russell provides a description and analysis of each artist’s work highlighting specific stylistic tendencies. He provides interpretation of the artist’s work that illuminates easily missed details and provides context and additional understanding to the works. He includes known biographical information for the artist; possible social, cultural and environmental influences; and compares his/her work to contemporary mainstream artists as well as to other outsider artists with similar styles and influences. Discussion of how this art was received by the art world and general public is included. The final chapter is the author’s commentary on art in the 21st century and what the art represented in this book means to the future of creative expression.
This reviewer found the presentation of the content to be generally clear and understandable. The use of advanced vocabulary may be intimidating to the lay reader or beginning art student. This reviewer cannot make any definitive comments as to the quality of the photo reproductions although the publisher is well known for producing quality art books. The volume includes chapter end notes, a comprehensive bibliography, index, and illustration credits.
This is a valuable and accessible introduction to outsider art. It is highly recommended for academic visual arts libraries and large public libraries with a strong collection and patron interest in folk art, primitive art, art brut, and 20th and 21st century art.
Anne Reever Osborne
Asst. Library Director for Distance Learning, Tusculum College
Valentine, J. & Bolgiano, C. (2011). Southern Appalachian Celebration: In Praise of Ancient Mountains, Old-Growth Forests and Wilderness. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 152 pages. ISBN: 9780807835142.
Because this is a large, magnificent volume of lush photographs it can be approached as simply an eye-catching book for the coffee table, to be browsed for its sheer beauty. Each photograph can stand alone, whether presenting the details of a square foot of forest floor or a sweeping landscape of fall color. Most are by James Valentine, some are by his father. Almost all of the images invite a lingering investigation and many are of heart-stopping intensity. However, the photos do not stand alone. The succinct captions provided by Chris Bolgiano and accompanying text are essential companions to the photos, framing a context for each image and a narrative for the complete work. Of equal importance are the introductory materials provided by Valentine, William Meadows and the late, greatly revered conservationist, Robert Zahner, who jointly impress on the reader the fragility of the beauty they are about to enjoy. Together, text and image persuade us of the verdant beauty of our southern mountains, and inform us of the urgent need to preserve and restore the best of our unique natural heritage.
The scope of the book is the southern Appalachian mountains, stretching generally from Virginia and West Virginia southward to northern Georgia and Alabama, including portions of the Carolinas, Tennessee and Kentucky. The greatest portion of the book focuses on the rich mountain wild lands of western North Carolina and Tennessee’s Great Smoky Mountains National Park. This is an area of biological diversity unsurpassed in the temperate regions of the world, and one in which the intricate web of life is under assault from many forces, including devastating predation by invasive insects, large-scale losses to development, chemical destruction from air pollution and more. These challenges are amply noted in the text of the book, but the primary message is that we have an opportunity yet to preserve what remains whole and restore what is tattered. The inspiration to do so can be drawn from Valentine’s intricate portraits of woodland flowers, panoramic views of landscapes in riotous bloom or fall grandeur, or detailed studies of ancient trees and gushing streams.
This is a well-designed and produced hardback volume that does justice to Valentine’s skill through high-quality reproductions of his full-color images. Photographers will wish that more information was provided about the equipment that was used and some readers will wish for more detail about locations, time of year, etc. At $35 it is within reach of most libraries and will be appreciated by anyone interested in nature photography or the natural history of our region.
Mayo Taylor, Team Leader for Access Services
Middle Tennessee State University