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TL v65n1: Celtic and Roman Religions in Roman Britain
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Academic Library Core Collection for Celtic and Roman Religions in Roman Britain

Kim Woodring



Introduction

As the increasing cost of databases is taxing many academic libraries’ budgets, it may be time to revisit our collection development policies for print materials in subject areas where the information requests are likely to be found in print materials. History, in particular, is a subject where the materials retain their value with age. Even though we rely heavily on proprietary databases with their full-text articles, there is still a place for the specialized print collection in academic libraries. Levine-Clark (2014) comments: 

Perhaps counterintuitively, as libraries are faced with smaller budgets and ever-increasing amounts of digital content to acquire, they will refocus their efforts on special collections. Defined broadly to include not just rare and valuable books, a library’s special collections will include any material in any format that helps distinguish the library from every other…. The university with a library that can provide unique resources and broad range of content in an area of scholarly interest will set itself apart in attracting faculty and students. To serve this goal, libraries will invest more in rare books, manuscripts, archives, and mainstream publications supporting crucial subject areas, as well as other resources, such as audio, video, and data sets, that serve the needs of researchers in a particular area of focus. This shift will funded at the expense of other content, such as scholarly journals and monographs in less emphasized areas (p. 433).

Presented here is a bibliography representing a core collection on the Celtic and Roman religion in Roman Britain. This religion, which was formed from the mixing of Celtic and Roman religions, was truly a new religion. It was formed from two powerful but different religions. The Celts believed in nature and the power it held within everything in their world. The Romans believed in the power of their pantheon of gods and goddesses. When these two factors merged it produced a religion unlike any other in the world during the Iron Age. This bibliography will list the resources to form a core collection to be used for researching the Celtic religion and Roman religion. It will also provide resources for researching what became the religion of Roman Britain and how it can be examined through burials. It provides a variety of information from historians and archaeologist who have studied these religions in depth. Many academic libraries may already include several of the primary sources in their collections, which will minimize the cost of setting up this specialized collection.

References

Levine-Clark, M. (2014). Access to everything: Building the future academic library collection. Portal: Libraries and the Academy, 14(3): 425-437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/pla.2014.0015

Bibliography

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Cunliffe, B. W. (1995). Book of Iron Age Britain. London, England: B. T. Batsford. 

Cunliffe, B. W. (1995). Danebury: An Iron Age hillfort in Hampshire. London, England: Council for British Archaeology. 

Cunliffe, B. W. (1997). The ancient Celts. London, England: Penguin Books. 

Cunliffe, B. W. (2000). Roman Bath discovered. Stroud, England: Tempus Publishing. (Original work published 1971)

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Grinsell, L. V. (1974). Barrow, pyramid and tomb: Ancient burial customs in Egypt, the Mediterranean, and the British Isles. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Harding, D. W. (1972). The Iron Age in the Upper Thames basin. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 

Harding, D. W. (1974). The Iron Age in lowland Britain. London, England: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Harding, D. W. (2004). The Iron Age in northern Britain: Celts and Romans, natives and invaders. New York, NY: Routledge.

Haverfield, F. J. (1923). The Romanization of Roman Britain (4th ed.) London, England: Oxford University Press.

Henig, M. (1984). Religion in Roman Britain. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.

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Herm, G. (1975). The Celts: The people who came out of the darkness. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.

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Hutton, R. (1991). The pagan religions of the Ancient British Isles. Oxford, England: Blackwell Publishers.

James, S. (1993). The world of the Celts. London, England: Thames and Hudson. 

James, S., & Rigby, V. (1997). Britain and the Celtic Iron Age. London, England: British Museum Press.

Jewitt, L. (1870).Grave-mounds and their contents: A manual of archaeology as exemplified in the burials of the Celtic, the Romano-British, and the Anglo-Saxon periods. London, England: Groombridge and Sons.

Johns, C. (1996). The jewellery of Roman Britain: Celtic and classical traditions. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Johns, C., & Potter, T. (1983). The Thetford treasure: Roman jewellery and silver. London, England: British Museum Publications.

Johnson, S. (1980). Later Roman Britain. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Johnston, H. W. (1903). The private life of the Romans. Chicago, IL: Scott, Foresman.

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Kendrick, T. D. (1927). The Druids: A study in Keltic prehistory. London, England: Methuen & Co. 

Kendrick, T. D., & Hawkes, C. F. C. (1932). Archaeology in England and Wales, 1914-1931. London, England: Methuen & Co.

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Laing, L. R. (2006). The archaeology of Celtic Britain and Ireland, c. A.D. 400-1200. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

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Ovidius Naso, P. (1995). Ovid’s Fasti: Roman holidays (B. R. Nagle, Trans.). Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. 

Pearce, J., Millett, M. & Struck, M. (Eds.)(2000). Burial, society and context in the Roman world. Oxford, England: Oxbow Books.

Pearson, M. P. (1999). The archaeology of death and burial. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Philpott, R. (1991). Burial practices in Roman Britain: A survey of grave treatment and  furnishing A.D. 43-410 (BAR British Series, 219). Oxford, England: Tempus Reparatum.

Piggott, S. (1968). The druids. New York, NY: Frederick A. Praeger.

Pine, J., & Preston, S. (2004). Iron Age and Roman settlement and landscape at Tottertown Lane, Horcott, near Fairford, Gloucestershire. Reading, England: Thames Valley Archaeological Services.

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Potter, T.W., & Johns, C. (1992). Roman Britain. Berkley: The University of California Press.

Powell, T. G. E. (1980). The Celts (New Ed.). London, England: Thames and Hudson.

Priestley, H. E. (1967). Britain under the Romans. London, England: Frederick Warne.

Rankin, D. (1987). Celts and the classical world. London, England: Routledge.

Reece, R. (Ed.). (1977). Burial in the Roman world. London, England: Council for British Archaeology.

Rhys, J. (1884). Celtic Britain (2nd ed., rev.). London, England: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

Rives, J. B. (2007). Religion in the Roman Empire. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Ross, A. (1967). Pagan Celtic Britain: Studies in iconography and tradition. London, England: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 

Ross, A. (1970). Everyday life of the pagan Celts. London, England: B. T. Batsford. 

Ross, A. (2004). Druids: Preachers of immortality. Stroud, England: Tempus Publishing Ltd.

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Rupke, J. (Ed.) (2007). A companion to Roman religion. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Salway, P. (1981). Roman Britain. Oxford, England: Clarenden Press. 

Salway, P. (1993). The Oxford illustrated history of Roman Britain. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Scullard, H. H. (1979). Roman Britain: Outpost of the empire. London, England: Thames and Hudson.

Showerman, G. (1931). Rome and the Romans: A survey and interpretation. New York, NY: Macmillan.

Somerset Fry, P. (1984). Roman Britain: History and sites. London, England: David & Charles. 

Spence, L. (1970). The mysteries of Britain: Secret rites and traditions of ancient Britain restored. New York, NY: Samuel Weiser. (Original work published 1928)

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Stukeley, W. (1984). Stonehenge: A temple restor’d to the British Druids; Abury, a temple of the British druids. New York, NY: Garland Publishing. (Original work published 1740)

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Toynbee, J. M. C. (1971). Death and burial in the Roman world. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Tylor, E. B. (1874). Primitive culture: Researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art and custom (Vols 1-2) (First American Ed.). Boston, MA: Estes & Lauriat.

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Wacher, J. S. (1978). Roman Britain. London, England: J. M. Dent and Sons.

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Ward, J. (1971). The Roman era in Britain. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press. (Original work published 1911)

Webster, G. (1986). The British Celts and their gods under Rome. London, England: B. T. Batsford Ltd. 

Webster, G. (1986). Celtic religion in Roman Britain. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books.

Wheeler, M. (1932). Report on the excavation of the prehistoric, Roman, and Post-Roman site in Lydney Park, Gloucestershire. London, England: University Press.

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Kim Woodring, MA, is a graduate student at the University of Tennessee School of Information Sciences and Library Assistant III at Sherrod Library, East Tennessee State University. She can be reached at woodringk@etsu.edu.


 

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